Understanding Pterygium - For Better Eye health And Care
Pterygium" originates from the Latin word "pterygion," which means a wing-like structure. It is a fleshy growth that protrudes into the cornea from either side and can remain small or expand to cover part of the cornea. In severe cases, it can cause vision problems by covering the pupil. Pterygium can occur in one or both eyes, and bilateral pterygium affects both eyes. It is more commonly found in elderly individuals working in hot climates. Pterygium treatment in Ayurveda involves a holistic approach that includes herbal remedies, eye exercises, and dietary changes to improve eye health.
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Symptoms of Pterygium
Redness and irritation
Growth of flesh in eyes
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According to the World Health Organization (WHO), pterygium is a common eye condition worldwide, particularly in areas with high UV exposure. The prevalence of pterygium is higher in men and in people over 40. Ayurvedic pterygium treatment without surgery, such as Triphala eye drops and Amla juice, may provide relief from symptoms associated with dryness and irritation of the eyes
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Frequently Asked Questions
The exact cause of pterygium is not fully understood. Still, it is believed to be associated with prolonged exposure to UV (Ultraviolet) radiation from the sun, wind, dust, and other environmental factors. Some of the factors that can contribute to the development of pterygium include:
Exposure to UV radiation: Individuals who live in areas with high levels of UV (ultraviolet) radiation or who spend a lot of time outdoors are more likely to develop pterygium.
Dry and dusty conditions: Living in dry and dusty environments can irritate the eyes and increase the risk of developing pterygium.
Age: Pterygium is more common in people over the age of 40.
Gender: Men are more likely to develop pterygium than women.
Genetics: There might be a genetic component to the development of pterygium, as it tends to run in families.
Other factors: Pterygium has also been linked to smoking, chronic eye irritation, and specific occupations that involve prolonged outdoor work.
It’s important to note that while these factors may increase the likelihood of developing pterygium, not everyone exposed to them will necessarily develop the condition.
There is only one type of pterygium, which is the growth of tissue on the conjunctiva, the clear tissue that lines the eyelids and covers the white part of the eye. However, pterygium can be classified based on its location and severity.
Primary pterygium: A pterygium that grows from the conjunctiva on the nasal side of the eye towards the cornea.
Secondary pterygium: A pterygium that grows from the cornea towards the conjunctiva, usually as a result of previous surgery or trauma.
Symptomatic pterygium: A pterygium that causes discomfort, redness, tearing, and other symptoms.
Asymptomatic pterygium: A pterygium that does not cause any symptoms and is discovered during routine eye exams.
Grade I pterygium: A pterygium that extends less than halfway to the cornea.
Grade II pterygium: A pterygium that extends more than halfway to the cornea.
Grade III pterygium: A pterygium that has crossed over the cornea and is affecting the vision.
Some Ayurvedic remedies, such as Triphala eye drops, Amla juice, Eye drops, etc., may help alleviate symptoms of dryness and irritation in the eyes. These remedies may provide some benefits for people with pterygium, such as:
Soothing dry and irritated eyes: Ayurvedic remedies may help lubricate the eyes and reduce dryness, which can be beneficial for people with pterygium.
Supporting eye health: Ayurvedic remedies may contain nutrients and antioxidants that can support the overall health of the eyes. Ayurvedic remedies can be useful for not only pterygium but also are effective myopia, computer vision syndrome treatment.
Reducing inflammation: Some Ayurvedic remedies may have anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce inflammation in the eyes, which may be beneficial for people with pterygium.
After diagnosis by an Ayurvedic doctor, pterygium eye treatment can be done using various methods. The diagnosis is done through a physical examination using a slit lamp, which allows the doctor to magnify and light up the eye. Additional tests may include a visual acuity test, corneal topography, and photo documentation.
In Ayurveda, pterygium is described as ‘Arma’ according to dosha dominance, and treatment is aimed at finding the underlying cause. Ayurvedic treatment can take up to 1 year and may include medical treatment using drugs like Harad, Baheda, Amla, and Daruharidra, among others.
Ayurvedic remedies may also be used for pain relief and congestion, such as Karanja seed boiled in milk, Amalaki fruit, and Madhuka with honey as Ashchyotana. Cold poultices made of Madhuka, Utapal kinjala, and Durva with milk and Ghee may also provide relief. Ayurvedic treatment offers a non-surgical option for pterygium removal and symptom relief. Ayurvedic treatment for myopia, colour blindness, etc. also involves non-surgical treatment and uses safe & natural products.
Home remedies can also be used for pterygium eye treatment, but only in mild cases and after consultation with a doctor. Some remedies include:
- Placing a cotton swab soaked in rose water over the eyes for 10-15 minutes a day can relieve symptoms like eye strain and pain.
- Putting one drop of pure honey in both eyes in the morning can be a good remedy for pterygium.
- Using rosewater inside the eyes can help reduce redness and curb excess heat.